The Art of X-Ray Reading – Dr. Ghanashyam Vaidya

  1. How to read a Chest X-ray
  2. Chest X-ray in Tuberculosis
    1. Parenchymal Lesions
      1. Infiltration
      2. Cavity
      3. Fungal Ball
      4. Cavity in Atypical Locations
      5. Fibrosis
      6. Fibro-cavitatory Lesion
      7. Miliary Tuberculosis
      8. Calcified Lesions
      9. Advanced Lesions
      10. Effect of Treatment on Tuberculous Lesions
    2. Pleural Lesions
      1. Pleural Effusion
      2. Pneumo-Thorax
      3. Hydro-pnuemo-thorax
      4. Pyo-pneumo-thorax
      5. Pleural Calcification
    3. Tuberculosis – Primary Complex
    4. Thoracoplasty
  3. Chest X-ray in Non-Tuberculous Lesions
    1. Bronchogenic Carcinoma
    2. Lung Abcess
    3. Emphysema
    4. Bronchiectasis
    5. Pneumonia
      1. Lobar Pneumonia
      2. Broncho-pneumonia
    6. Pulmonary Edema
    7. Pulmonary Embolism
    8. Diaphragmatic Hernia and Eventration
    9. Chest Injury
    10. Mediastinal Tumours
  4. X-ray of Heart
    1. Anatomy of Cardiac Silhouette
    2. Individual Chamber Enlargements
      1. Right Ventricular Hypertrophy
      2. Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
      3. Right Atrial Hypertrophy
      4. Left Atrial Hypertrophy
    3. Criteria for Cardiomegaly
    4. Mitral Valve Lesions
    5. Aortic Valve Disease
    6. Congenital Heart Diseases
      1. Atrial Septal Defect
      2. Ventricular Septal Defect
      3. Tetrology of Fallot
      4. Coarctation of Aorta
    7. Pericardial Effusion
    8. Constrictive Pericarditis
    9. Dextrocardia
    10. Some more examples of Cardiac X-rays
  5. X-ray of Abdomen
    1. Introduction
    2. Intestinal Perforation (Gas Under Diaphragm)
    3. Intestinal Obstruction (Multiple Air-fluid levels)
      1. Jejunual Obstruction – Coiled Spring (Concertina)
      2. Low Ileal Obstruction – Ileal loops
      3. Colonic Obstruction – Colonic loops
      4. Sigmoid Volvulus
      5. Duodenum 2nd Part – Double Bubble Sign
    4. Acute Dilatation of Stomach
    5. Amoebic Liver Abcess & Subphrenic Abcess
    6. Invertogram
  6. X-ray of Kidney, Ureter, Bladder
    1. KUB Stones
      1. How to read a KUB X-ray
      2. Renal Stones
      3. Ureteric Stones
      4. Bladder Stones
      5. Some actual KUB stones
      6. Some mistakes
      7. Abnormal Bladder Stones
      8. Stone in Prostatic Urethra
    2. Other radio-opacities in KUB
      1. Gall stones
      2. Pancreatic Stones
      3. Enterolith
      4. Calcified Liver Abcess/Cyst
      5. Calcified Lymph Node
      6. Soft tissue Shadows
    3. Radio Opaque Shadows in Pelvis
      1. Sialistic Bands
      2. Phleboliths
      3. Calcified Guinea Worms
      4. Calcified Fibroid
      5. Dermoid Cyst of Ovary
      6. Prostatic Calcifications
  7. Contrast Study of Kidney, Ureter and Bladder – IVP (Intra-venous Pyelography)
    1. Kidney in IVP
      1. Hydronephrosis
      2. Renal Tuberculosis
      3. Polycystic Kidneys
      4. Renal Tumours (Space Occupying Lesions)
      5. Congenital Anomalies of Kidneys
              a. Horse shoe Kidney
              b. Ectopic Kidney
              c. Double Pelvis and Ureter
    2. Ureter in IVP
      1. Ureterocoele
    3. Bladder in IVP
      1. Bladder Papilloma
      2. Enlarged Prostate
      3. Bladder Tumour
      4. Bladder Diverticulum
    4. Urethra in IVP
      1. Urethrogram
      2. Posterior Urethral Valves
  8. Study of the GI Tract – Barium Study
    1. Barium Swallow (Oesophagus)
      1. Carcinoma Oesophagus
      2. Benign Stricture
      3. Achalasia Cardia
      4. Hiatus Hernia
      5. Oesophageal Diverticulum
      6. Oesophageal Varices
      7. Oesophageal Atresia and Tracheo-oesophageal Fistula
      8. Foreign body in Oesophagus
    2. Barium Meal (Stomach)
      1. Gastric Ulcer
      2. Growth in the Stomach
      3. Duodenal Ulcer
      4. Infantile Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis
      5. Chronic Appendicitis
      6. Ileo-caecal Tuberculosis
      7. Roundworms in Ileum
    3. Barium Enema (Large Bowel)
      1. Ulcerative Colitis
      2. Carcinoma Colon
      3. Intussusception
      4. Hirschsprung’s Disease (Megacolon)
  9. General Orthopaedics
    1. Chronic Osteomyelitis
    2. Brodie’s Abscess
    3. Bone Tumours
      1. Osteogenic Sarcoma
      2. Osteoclastoma
      3. Ewing’s Tumour
      4. Osteochondroma
      5. Multiple Myeloma
      6. Bony metastasis
    4. Deficiency Disorders of Bones
      1. Rickets
      2. Scurvy
      3. Paget’s Disease
      4. Charcot’s Joint
  10. Individual X-rays
    1. X-ray of Knee
    2. X-ray of Cervical Spine
      1. Cervical Spondylitis
      2. Cervical Rib
      3. Tuberculosis of Cervical Spine
      4. Fracture / Dislocation of Cervical Spine
    3. X-ray of the Spine
      1. Tuberculosis of Spine
      2. Compression Fracture of Spine
      3. Osteoporosis of Spine
      4. Osteoarthritis of Spine
      5. Ankylosing Spondylitis
      6. Spondylolisthesis
      7. Disc Prolapse
      8. Spina Bifida
    4. Myelography
      1. Disc Prolapse
      2. Spinal Canal Stenosis
      3. Spinal Tumours
  11. Fractures
    1. Types of Fractures
    2. Some Common Fractures
  12. X-ray of Skull
    1. Fracture of Skull
    2. Skull in Other Diseases
      1. Skull in Multiple Myeloma
      2. Skull in Paget’s Disease
      3. Hydrocephalus
    3. X-ray of Paranasal Sinuses
      1. Maxillary Sinusitis
      2. Carcinoma of Maxilla
    4. Dental & Mandible X-rays
      1. Root Abscess
      2. Impacted Molar
      3. Dental Cyst
      4. Dentigerous Cyst
      5. Mandibular Tumours

<< Back to Main Page

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s